English Polski Kurdi عەرەبی العربية Türkçe
English Polski Kurdi کوردی العربية Türkçe

About Poland

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe. In terms of area, Poland is the 69th largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. Poland has a population of over 38.5 million people, which makes it the 34th most populous country in the world and the 6th most populous member of the European Union. The Poland’s capital Warsaw, with population estimated at 1,7 mln, is the largest city in Poland. Other major Polish cities are: Cracow (here is office of KRG Representation in Poland), Lodz, Wroclaw, Poznan, Gdansk and Szczecin.

Poland is a democracy, with a president as a head of state. The president is elected by popular vote every five years. The government structure centers on the Council of Ministers, led by a prime minister.

Poland’s high-income economy is currently one of the fastest growing within the EU. Having a strong domestic market, low private debt, flexible currency, and not being dependent on a single export sector. Poland is the only European economy to have avoided the late-2000s recession. In 2009 Poland had the highest GDP growth in the EU. As of February 2012, the Polish economy has not entered a recession in the wake of the global financial crisis.

Poland is recognized as a regional economic power within Central Europe, possessing nearly 40 percent of the 500 biggest companies in the region (by revenues). Poland has a large number of private farms in its agricultural sector, with the potential to become a leading producer of food in the European Union.

Currently, the most famous and important industries in Poland are:

R&D centers – there are roughly 30 R&D centers. Polish R&D centers of foreign enterprises achieve very good results and thus foreign investors are expanding them. One of the reasons for this is that, the Poles are one of the best-educated societies in Europe.

Aerospace industry – Poland is famous for production and maintenance of airplanes of all types (light sports, passenger, agricultural and training aircrafts, helicopters, gliders, aircraft parts and accessories.

Automotive industry (engines, tires, car seats and upholstery, car electronics, electric cables, car brake’s system).

Service centers – more than 30 big international companies have already set up their BPO (Business Process Offshoring) service centers in Poland. Firms providing BPO services provide a broad range of services which include amongst others: IT systems, finance and accountancy, research and development, storage and warehouse logistics.

Household appliances industry – some of the key players of the world’s leading domestic appliances manufacturers have located their factories in Poland: BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbH, Indesit Company, Whirlpool, Electrolux, The Fagor Electrodomesticos Group.

Yacht building industry – Polish shipyards are leaders in terms of sales to Spain, Germany, France and Great Britain. Polish vessels are associated with high quality laminates, precise outfitting and modern construction.

Organic agriculture – Poland produces ecological and flavourful food offered at competitive prices. Polish agricultural goods have a very good reputation in Europe. They are considered healthy, organically grown and as having high nutritional values. The strongest advantages of the Polish food production are: fruit and vegetables, dairy products and meat, juices and confectionery.

Health tourism – Poland is ranked seventh in Europe in terms of numbers of health spas. The majority of them are located in the areas unique for their natural healing environments. The health spas are located in regions with varying environmental climatic conditions, usually bordering national parks and reserves. They offer the possibility of spending time outdoors and taking advantage of the virtues of eco-tourism by the sea, in the mountains or lakes.

Leader in capital markets – Warsaw is developing into the financial center of Central and Eastern Europe. Polish capital markets, with the Warsaw Stock Exchange (WSE) at their center stage, have shown strong resilience to the recent global financial crisis and put the Polish economy in the European spot light. The Warsaw Stock Exchange lists over 500 companies).

In recent years, Poland has extended its responsibilities and position in European and international affairs, supporting and establishing friendly relations with other European nations and a large number of countries. At present, Poland is a member of many international organizations, e.g.: the European Union, NATO, the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), European Economic Area, International Energy Agency, Council of Europe, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

For more information visit: www.poland.gov.plhttps://www.trade.gov.pl/en/.